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Roberts:Tech Poses Challenge for Court 07/26 06:13

   WELLINGTON, New Zealand (AP) -- U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John 
Roberts said Wednesday he thinks rapidly advancing technology poses one of the 
biggest challenges for the high court.

   Speaking at an event at the Victoria University of Wellington in New 
Zealand, Roberts also repeated his concern that the confirmation process for 
Supreme Court justices has become too politicized. And he advised that having a 
written constitution, which some in New Zealand favor for their country, 
imposed constraints on judges.

   Roberts answered questions posed by the university's law dean, Mark 
Hickford, for about an hour.

   Hickford did not ask any questions about U.S. President Donald Trump, who 
has criticized judges including Roberts and imposed a travel ban on people from 
six mostly Muslim countries that has been challenged in the courts.

   The Supreme Court said last week the Trump administration can enforce a ban 
on refugees but also left in place a weakened travel ban that allows more 
relatives of Americans to visit.

   At the New Zealand event, Roberts said technology was a real concern.

   "There are devices now that can allow law enforcement to see through walls. 
Heat imaging and all this kind of thing," he said. "Well, what does that do to 
a body of law that's developed from common law days in England about when you 
can search a house?"

   He said the court had correctly determined that accessing an iPhone was 
problematic under the constitution's Fourth Amendment.

   "I'll say it here: would you rather have law enforcement rummaging through 
your desk drawer at home, or rummaging through your iPhone?" Roberts said. "I 
mean, there's much more private information on the iPhone than in most desk 

   He said none of the Supreme Court justices are experts in the area and it is 
going to be a particular challenge for them to make sure they understand the 
issues and for lawyers to explain them.

   Asked about the benefits of a written constitution, Roberts said he didn't 
want to offer advice to New Zealand but that the U.S. Constitution had a 
constraining purpose and affect.

   "The framers of the constitution hoped they were drafting a document that 
would withstand the test of time, and they used, in many instances, very broad 
and capacious terms," he said. "But on the other hand, they can be specific 
guides as to what we are supposed to look at, and in some cases quite narrowly 

   New Zealand's constitution is not contained in any one document but is 
derived from laws, legal documents, court decisions and conventions.

   Roberts said the U.S. judicial process has become overly politicized, 
particularly when it comes to the confirmation of Supreme Court justices.

   "Judges are not politicians, and they shouldn't be scrutinized as if they 
were," he said. "You're not electing a representative, so you're not entitled 
to know what their views on political issues are."


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